The encyclopedia entry below states that "the attractive nuisance doctrine is applicable" when a child is attracted by "an artificial condition on the land." This is a bit more detail than the dictionary gave us. The additional detail helps us understand the National Park Service's argument, if we think the hill is natural, and the wire is artificial.
This C.J.S. encyclopedia section on Westlaw also helps the researcher by providing:
There are different types of legal encyclopedias:
American Jurisprudence 2d (Am. Jur.) is available in print, on Westlaw, and on Lexis.
Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.), the other national legal encyclopedia, is available in print and on Westlaw.
A national encyclopedia does not always cite to case law from every state on every topic in its footnotes. If courts are split in their treatment of a topic, a national encyclopedia might not be detailed enough to provide clarity on each and every state's approach. An ALR annotation or a 50-state survey will be more thorough.
A state encyclopedia can be helpful because it always cites authorities relied on by that state's courts.
South Carolina Jurisprudence is our state-specific encyclopedia, available in print and on Westlaw.
Because West publishes the print versions of American Jurisprudence (Am. Jur), Corpus Juris Secundum (C.J.S.), and South Carolina Jurisprudence, you can use all three of these encyclopedias in Westlaw.
There are two ways to use legal encyclopedias on Westlaw: keyword search or index.
To search for an encyclopedia by keyword:
From the homepage in Westlaw, type the name or abbreviation of the encyclopedia into the search bar, then click on the title under Content Pages.
Now that the search bar at the top of the page shows the name of the encyclopedia on the left, you can use that search bar to keyword search the text of the entire encyclopedia.
You can search within results for particular terms. After you click “Search,” your additional search terms are highlighted in purple.
To search legal encyclopedias using an index in Westlaw, select Secondary Sources from the homepage.
On the left, under Secondary Sources By Type, select Jurisprudence & Encyclopedias.
Westlaw provides access to Am. Jur., CJS, South Carolina Jurisprudence, and more encyclopedias under Jurisprudence & Encyclopedias. Click on the title you wish to search.
To access the index, click the link under Tools & Resources on the right.
Then, select Index Contents.
From there, you can use the search bar at the top of the page, or use control-F or command-F to browse for index terms.
Select the index entry.
From the results list of index terms or subtopics, choose the link for the encyclopedia topic and section that appears most relevant.
To read the encyclopedia entry, you may need to scroll down. To view related sections within that topic, use the Table of Contents on the left.
Lexis provides access to the national encyclopedia American Jurisprudence, but not CJS or South Carolina Jurisprudence. You can browse or search all or individual topics of American Jurisprudence in Lexis, but it does not include an index.
To access Am. Jur. in Lexis, select Secondary Materials from the Content tab of the Explore section of the homepage.
Click on American Jurisprudence 2d (AMJUR).
You can enter terms in the search box at the top, browse the Table of Contents, or use the Advanced Search link to access a template that will help you construct your search.
Using Advanced Search, if you type attractive nuisance doctrine in the Exactly this phrase box and choose Add, the terms “attractive nuisance doctrine” are automatically inserted with quotation marks in the search box above.
From the results page, select the link to the encyclopedia section that appears most relevant.
To view related sections within the Premises Liability topic, use the Table of Contents at the left, or select a broader topic or narrower subtopic from the links above the encyclopedia entry.
Free online legal encyclopedias tend to be less comprehensive than the print and electronic database versions, but can help you learn about a legal topic when those options are not available.
For example, Cornell's Legal Information Institute publishes Wex, a joint dictionary-encyclopedia that you can search or browse alphabetically.
Citing Encyclopedias under Bluebook Rules B15.1 and 15.8:
Legal encyclopedia citations consist of five parts:
For example, section 322 on Attractiveness to Children, General Requirements, found under the topic Premises Liability in volume 62 of the print American Jurisprudence 2d, would be cited as:
62 Am. Jur. 2d Premises Liability § 322 (2014).
38 C.J.S. Gaming § 166 (2008).
23 S.C. Jur. Public Nuisance § 3 (1994).
Citing Legal Encyclopedias under Bluebook Rule 15.9
Instead of the date of the encyclopedia in print, Rule 15.9 allows you to use the date that a database was last updated in your citation:
62 Am. Jur. 2d Premises Liability § 322, Westlaw (database updated November 2023).
38 C.J.S. Gaming § 166, Westlaw (database updated September 2023).
23 S.C. Jur. Public Nuisance § 3, Westlaw (database updated May 2023).