Article I, Section 8 of the United States Constitution gives the United States Congress (Senate & House of Representatives) the authority to make laws necessary to carry out the powers of the federal government.
The federal legislative process is detailed in a series of videos, with transcripts, on the CONGRESS.GOV website. To play an individual video, .
Federal statutes are arranged or codified by subject and published in the official print United States Code by title and section.
For example, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) established the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) in Title 20, section 1402 of the United States Code (20 U.S.C. § 1402). See Anatomy of a Federal Statute below.
The official print United States Code includes the text of each statute in its 54 Titles, along with a statutory history line and notes on amendments to the statute. It is not annotated ( see Annotated Codes below). The law Library maintains a copy of the current and previous versions of the official print United States Code. The print United States Code is revised every six (6) years and updated between revised editions by annual hardbound cumulative supplements I through V. The current United States Code is the 2018 edition.
The United States Code is available for free on the Government Publishing Office's (GPO's) govinfo website and the United States Code website of the U.S. House of Representative's Office of Law Revision Counsel.
Section and name of the statute.
|Subsections of section 1402.||
There shall be, within the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services in the Department of Education, an Office of Special Education Programs, which shall be the principal agency in the Department for administering and carrying out this chapter and other programs and activities concerning the education of children with disabilities.
The Office established under subsection (a) shall be headed by a Director who shall be selected by the Secretary and shall report directly to the Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services.
(c) Voluntary and uncompensated services
Notwithstanding section 1342 of Title 31, the Secretary is authorized to accept voluntary and uncompensated services in furtherance of the purposes of this chapter.
History line for section 1402 in chronological order. Last amended in 2004 by Pub. L. No. 108-446.
(Pub.L. 91-230, Title VI, § 603, as added Pub.L. 108-446, Title I, § 101, Dec. 3, 2004, 118 Stat. 2659.)
Annotated versions of the United States Code add resources after the text of each statute to help you with further research on the topic addressed by that statute.
The Law Library maintains print copies of the two annotated versions of the United States Code—
the United States Code Annotated (U.S.C.A.), published by West/Thomson Reuters, and the United States Code Service (U.S.C.S.), published by LexisNexis.
The proper citation to a federal statute includes that statute’s title (20), section (1402) and the year of the edition of the United States Code where it is published (2018).
For example, the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA) statute referenced above would be cited as:
The blue bullets in the citation above represent spaces.